Scientific Strategy

The Vaccines & Immunity theme works towards a better understanding of natural or vaccine-induced immunity implicated in defence against serious infectious diseases, including tuberculosis. Our studies in lab and field aim to inform the design of novel vaccines and maximise vaccine impact. We have developed a portfolio of discovery science and impact projects around this ambition. Using the core support structures and the diversity of skills of the leading investigators within the theme, we place the following questions at the centre of our work:

  • What kind of immune responses should vaccines elicit to induce maximal protection?
  • Can we identify correlates of protection urgently required to develop novel vaccines against pathogens requiring elimination by cell mediated immunity, e.g. M.tuberculosis
  • Which vaccines are safe, immunogenic and effective in the long term in resource poor settings and how are they best used within the EPI program?

Through the conduct of both laboratory science and clinical trials, we aim to contribute to the evidence based development and delivery of vaccines. We aim to enhance the value of our clinical trials by gaining mechanistic insights into immune responses and age-dependent immune development in the context of vaccination, infection and important epidemiological and pathogen-derived co-factors. In the laboratory, we employ cutting edge immunological and systems biology tools to dissect compartments of the immune response in the context of infection and vaccination. In addition to the clinical trials, our field studies follow longitudinal observational cohorts. These include entire households and mother/infant pairs as platforms to investigate host responses in individuals of different ages, and to dissect the interactions between host and pathogen under vaccine or disease pressures.


Prof. Beate Kampmann

Theme Leader

Beate Kampmann is Professor of Paediatric Infection, Immunity and International Child Health. The aim of her work is to link scientific discoveries in the laboratory to the delivery of evidence-based care for children in the UK and Africa. Her main areas of research are Paediatric Tuberculosis and Vaccinology. Her team conducts laboratory research and clinical studies and trials to understand age-related immune responses to infection and vaccination. Based on immunological studies and clinical ned, she has developed novel strategies for prevention of infection in the newborn, such as maternal immunisation and is assessing innate and acquired vaccine responses using systems vaccinology approaches.

Featured Publications

Oral azithromycin given during labour decreases bacterial carriage in the mothers and their offspring: a double-blind randomized trial

Strategies To Boost Maternal Immunization To Achieve Further Gains In Improved Maternal And Newborn Health.

Maternal and neonatal pneumococcal vaccination - where are we now?